Last updated 22 October 2008 16:56:43 

Timeline

Year

Month

Event

Description

Reference

c.1350

 

King David II

Decreed "ane common and equal weicht, quhilk is called the weicht of Caithness (pondus Cathaniae) in buying and selling, sall be keeped and used by all men within this realm of Scotland"

 

 

 

 

1353

 

Arngils Sunneson

Created Earl of Orkney by King of Norway

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

1357

 

Arngils Earl of Orkney

Deprived of Title

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

c. 1358

 

Lithuanian Crusade

William Sinclair, Baron of Rosslyn and father of Prince Henry Sinclair dies in Lithuania crusading with the Teutonic Knights

 

 

 

 

1364

 

Thomas St Clair, son  of William Sinclair of Roslin who was killed at Teba

Ballivus in Orkney for the King of Norway

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

1375?

 

David Stewart Earl of Strathern

Created Earl of Caithness

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

1375

 

Alexander de Ard

Granted Earldom of Orkney for one year by King Hakon of Norway and resignd all his lands in caithness to King Robert II of Scotland

The Orkneyinga Saga

 

 

 

 

1379

02-Aug

Henry made Jarl (Prince or Earl) of Orkney and Lord of Shetland

by King Haakon VI of Norway at Marstrand

Scots Peerage (Paul)   

The Orkneyinga Saga

 

 

 

 

1388?

 

Eupheme

suo jure Countess of Caithness and Countess of Stratherne

Complete Peerage

 

 

 

 

1389

 

Henry

Slays Malise Sperra near Scalloway, Shetland

 

 

 

 

1391

 

Henry conquers Faroe Islands

 

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

1398

 

Prince Henry's voyage

sails to New world.

 

 

 

 

1398

02-Jun

Nova Scotia

Henry lands at Trin harbour, now Chadebucto Bay

Prince Henry Sinclair (Pohl)

 

 

 

 

1399

 

Henry in Massachusetts and Rhode Island

Evidence at Westford and the Newport Tower

Niven Sinclair                               Jim Whittal

 

 

 

 

1400

 

Prince Henry killed in Orkney

Succeeded by his son Henry 2nd Earl of Orkney

 

 

 

 

1402

 

Walter Stewart, Earl of Caithness

 

Complete Peerage

 

 

 

 

1402

14-Sep

Henry 2nd Earl of Orkney and Sir William Sinclair of Herdmanston

Taken prisoner by the English at Battle of Homildon Hill but soon released

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

1405

 

Henry 2nd Earl of Orkney

Guardian to Prince James, the future James I of Scotland

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

1406

 

Henry 2nd Earl of Orkney

Escorted Prince James to France but the ship was captured by the English. Both imprisoned in the Tower of London

Rosslyn Chapel (The Earl of Rosslyn)

 

 

 

 

1407

 

Henry 2nd Earl of Orkney

Escapes or is released on payment of a ransom from the Tower

Rosslyn Chapel (The Earl of Rosslyn)

 

 

 

 

1418

 

John Sinclair, brother of Prince Henry 2nd Earl

Foud of Shetland and did homage to King Haakon

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Created and maintained by Iain Laird and all rights donated to the Clan Sinclair Trust.
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